Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
As Turkey woke on the morning of November 10, 1938, the life of Turkish soldier and statesman Mustafa Kemal came to an end. At age 57, in the early hours of a new dawn, he left the world he had helped to shape with the last words of ".. and peace be upon you.."
Today, Turks worldwide mark - and continue to mourn - the anniversary of the passing of a man who strove to create a modern Turkish state on Western values he regarded as universal.
However, with Turkey being pushed further away from Europe, what is the significance of remembering Atatürk in such a political climate?
- Legends of the Last Great Ottoman Turk
- The Gallipoli Campaign of 1915-16
- A Gift to the World: International Children's Day
Nutuk (1927, Atatürk's speech, source for the Kemalist idealogy)
Atatürk: The Rebirth of a Nation (Lord Kinross, 2001)
Atatürk - A Study (Beverley Blythe, 2000)
Jefferson and Ataturk: Political Philosophies (Garrett Ward Sheldon, 2000)
Atatürk (Andrew Mango, 2004)
Turkey's Modernization: Refugees from Nazism and Ataturk's Vision (Arnold Reisman, 2006)
Atatürk Society of America
Daughters of Atatürk
Words of Remembrance (Anzac Day)